Karnataka State Syllabus Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 12 The Cholas and Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra The period of Chola rule in the island of Sri Lanka began with the invasion in 993 AD, when Raja Raja Chola sent a large Chola army which conquered the Anuradhapura Kingdom, in the north, and added it to the Chola Empire. 848–891 AD. The fortified capital of Rajendra Chola appears to have been of impressive grandeur. He laid the foundation of Gangaikonda Cholapuram and proclaimed it as the capital of his kingdom. A Chola king, known as Elara, conquered Sri Lanka and ruled over it for about 50 years during the … He often went on tours in order to keep better touch with the administration . Ottakuttar, the poet laureate to three Chola kings of the 12th century, declared:"On seeing Gangapuri (capital of Rajendra Chola) all fourteen worlds encircled by the billowing ocean are overwhelmed with joy.Rajendra Chola was very pious and he converted many of … Q45: During the rule of the Cholas the term Kadamai was used for _____. The Cholas revived their power in 848 AD and their rule was re-established after a long lull from the 3rd century AD to 9th Century AD. After his death the Chola kingdom began to decline. The Cholas had three major administrative divisions called Central Government, Provincial Government and Local Government. Question 3. Poompuhar grew into a … There was a fully developed secretariat to oversee the functioning of Central administration. The efficient Chola administrative system has been well appreciated by many historians and rulers. His expedition to Bengal along the east coast was undertaken to establish Chola domination over the bay of Bengal that it was called the Chola lake. It means that this name is rarely used. Nicknames, cool fonts, symbols and tags for Chola – loka, diablita, Sad girl, flaca, Spooky, troublezz. rulers He sent two embassies to China for Promoting trade and commerce.He The king was aided and advised by a council of ministers who held office at the pleasure of the king. The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri (Cauvery) … He also annexed the Maldives. But Vijayalaya founded Chola empire and ruled most parts of SouthIndia from 850- 870 CE. 3. Manyakheta remained the Rashtrakutas' regal capital until the end of the empire. Why did Rajaraja undertake a naval expedition against Ceylon and Maldives ? The town is about approximately 125 kilometres northeast of Tiruchirapalli international airport. He built solesvara temple of Narttamalai, Pudukkottai. Submit your funny nicknames and cool gamertags and copy the best from the list. Rajaraja Chola Biography Raja Raja Chola I Biography. The other major towns were Thanjavur, Uraiyur and Kudanthai, now known as Kumbakonam. The capital was moved to Kaveripattanam in 2 nd century AD during Karikala Chola’s reign. However there is no evidenceto prove their existence. Polonnaruwa was established by the Cholas as capital city under the name Jananath. Around 70 kms from the ancient Chola capital of Thanjavur, is another Chola capital that marked the great victories of King Rajendra in the North.Called Gangaikondacholapuram, literally ‘The city of the Chola who conquered the Ganga (water from Ganga)‘, little remains of the city today.Planned as a capital that would be grander than the great Thanjavur, the highlight of the city was a massive man … Rajendra Chola created at his capital a vast artificial lake, sixteen miles long and three miles wide which to this day remains one of the largest man-made lakes in India. The … 2. The conquests of Rajaraja Chola. Uraiyur (now Tiruchchirappalli) was its oldest capital. The chronology of the Cholas is very difficult toexplain. 848–891 AD. India: Achievements Of Cholas. Built in the early 11th century CE, the Brihadevara temple was the symbol of the Chola’s unrivalled power and might during that time and the zenith of their artistic excellence. Name the capital and port of the Cholas. Gangaikonda and founded a capital by the name Gangaikondacholapuram on the mouths of the Gangaikondacholapuram. Q38: Name the place where the temple of Somnath is located. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The early days capital of Pandyas is Korkai. Thereafter Kanchi figures in inscriptions as the capital of the Pallavas. The names of the three dynasties, Cholas, Pandyas, and Cheras, are mentioned in the Pillars of Ashoka (inscribed 273–232 BCE) inscriptions, ... Kalavali describes the battle fought at Kalumalam, near the Chera capital. Polonnaruva became the capital of Chola province in North Ceylon after the defeat of Mahinda V, the Ceylonese king. Rajendra Chola I, who ruled from 1012 to 1044 AD, made Gangaikonda Cholapuram his capital. The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri (Cauvery) River valley. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. 1. Poompuhar grew into a great city during the region of Karikala cholan. 2. Pandyan Nedunchezhiyan. After the decline of the Sangam period, the Cholas became feudatories in Uraiyur. 1. Kingship. The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India. Name the New Capital Built by Rajendra Chola. We estimate that there are at least 4300 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.001% of the population. But Vijayalaya founded Chola empire and ruled most parts of SouthIndia from 850- 870 CE. There was a fully developed secretariat to oversee the functioning of Central administration. The … Street food in Shimla. After Rajendra Chola moved his capital to Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Thanjavur lost its importance. Founder of the Chola Empire. The man, who laid the foundation of the Chola Kingdom into a mighty Empire, is none other than Rajaraja the Great (reign 985-1014 C.E. The Chola official Tali Kumaran erected a Shiva temple called Rajarajeshvara ("Lord of Rajaraja") in the town of Mahatittha (modern Mantota), which was renamed Rajaraja-pura. It is also the former capital of the British Raj.. Karikala founded the Chola Dynasty, as believed by many during the 2nd century AD. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The Cholas established a provincial capital at the military outpost of Polonnaruwa, naming it Jananatha Mangalam after a title of Rajaraja. Capitals and Main Cities: Korkai, which is now an insignificant village in Tamil Nadu, was the commercial capital and important port of the Pandya Kingdom. The palace is Cholas Kings, Thangavoor,tamilnadu .south india. The great Rajaraja Chola-I in 1000 AD, reduced the Pandya Empire, akin to the other kingdoms of South, to a tributary and after that, it continued for a century or even long under the Cholas. The renowned capital of the Cholas till 11th century. Polonnaruwa , a military outpost of the Sinhalese kingdom, [note 1] was renamed Jananathamangalam, after a title assumed by Rajaraja I, and become the new center of administration for the Cholas. View Answer. As of 2014, the ancient city exists as a heritage town in the Ariyalur … Poompuhar (Kaveripattanam) - a port city of cholas : It was the capital city of Cholas. Medieval Cholas. The Pallavas re-captured Kanchi in the mid-6th century, possibly in the … Outer view of … King: was the most important person in the Chola administration. The name Chola has five characters. Compared to the Chola kings from earlier periods, one is able to discuss about the rulers from this era with a little more certainty. He was a feudatory of Pallavas. The Chola dynasty was the most civilized and one of the longest ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. Cloudflare Ray ID: 603bf8c838443f56 He had his capital in Thanjaur. 3. The first medieval Chola ruler was Vijayalaya Chola who is credited with re-establishing the Chola rule. Important Solutions 6. Question 7. He was a feudatory of Pallavas. The ancient Kings like Sembiyan, Musugundhan, Manuneethicholan and Karikala cholan, who carried myths with them, added to the glory of Poompuhar town. Together with the Cholas of Uraiyur and the Pandyas of Madurai, the early Cheras were known as one of the three major powers (muventar) of ancient Tamilakam (a macro region in south India) in the early centuries of the Common Era.. Q37: Where does Sultan Mahmud ruled? Q36: What was the capital of Harshavardhan? T he Cholas in my Wyoming high school had a very distinct style. The roads through Tamil Nadu are busy and crowded, with everyday and unusual sights that make for interesting stops. During the middle of the 9th century AD, the Chola Empire was established. Together with the Cholas of Uraiyur and the Pandyas of Madurai, the early Cheras were known as one of the three major powers (muventar) of ancient Tamilakam (a macro region in south India) in the early centuries of the Common Era. He built up a new capital called Gangaikondacholapuram. When Karikala reigned, the capital city got moved from Uraiyur to Kaveripattanam. The successor of Govinda III, Amoghavarsha I made Manyakheta his capital and ruled a large empire. The inscriptions on the pillars of the Ashoka(273BC-232BC) do mention about Chola. This dynasty originated in the fertile land of the Kaveri River Uraiyur, now Tiruchchirapalli was the ancient capital of the Chola Dynasty. The history of the Cholas falls into four periods: the Early Cholas of the Sangam literature, the interregnum between the fall of the Sangam Cholas and the rise of the Imperial medieval Cholas under Vijayalaya (c. 848), the dynasty of Vijayalaya, and finally the Later Chola dynasty of Kulothunga Chola I from the third quarter of the 11th century. A building of grand dimensions and a marvel of engineering, the temple is one of the grandest sights anywhere in India and is a testimony to the Cholas designs of empire, statecraft and the religious fervour of the land. Capital of Cholas-Poompuhar or Puhar or Kaveri patnam-capital of early Chola Kingdom-Thiruvarur-Thanjavur-Gangaikonda Cholapuram built by Rajendra Chola-Thiruvarur is one of the capital of Cholas The Chola conquest had one permanent result, that the capital of Anuradhapura, which lasted for over a millennium, was destroyed by the Cholas. Why did Rajaraja undertake a naval expedition against Ceylon and Maldives ? You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Q46: Vijayalaya belonged to … Emperor Rajaraja built the Big Temple, variously called Rajarajiswaram, Peruvudaiyar Kovil, Brihadeeswara Temple, in his sunset years and devoted the last years of his life entirely towards building of this temple. The Cholas - Political History and Administration, Chapter 1.08: South India and the Cholas - Short Answer Questions, Goyal Brothers Prakashan Class 9 ICSE History and Civics, Morning Star Total History and Civics Class 9 ICSE, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, Maharashtra State Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Arts, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Commerce, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 12 Science, CISCE ICSE / ISC Board Previous Year Question Paper With Solution for Class 10. View Answer. 2. Syllabus. Took the title of Parakesarivarman. Cholas were also known as Chodas and it is believedthat they existed even around 3rdcentury. Create good names for games, profiles, brands or social networks. Rajendra Chola's greatest achievements was the conquest of Andaman and Nicobar islands. A Chola king, known as Elara, conquered Sri Lanka and ruled over it for about 50 years during the … All authority rested in his hands. All authority rested in his hands. Uraiyur, Kaveripoompattinam 5. Took the title of Parakesarivarman. His expedition to Bengal along the east coast was undertaken to establish Chola domination over the bay of Bengal that it was called the Chola lake. Polonnaruva became the capital of Chola province in North Ceylon after the defeat of Mahinda V, the Ceylonese king. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Which Pandya mannan was mentioned in Silappathikaram? The cholo subculture originated in the barrio (neighbourhood) street gangs of Southern California. Your IP: 167.114.54.14 He relates the name "Pallava" to Pulindas, whose heritage is borne by names such as "Pulinadu" and "Puliyurkottam" in the region. Imperial Chola - 815-1280. Advertisement. Some of the other evidences that areavailable is the Ta… The territory of Rajaraja Chola- I included modern day’s Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Sri Lanka and parts of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. After conquering the Ganges in the northern part of the country, he acquired the name Gangaikonda Chola, as the conqueror of the Ganges. Military Administration:The Cholas maintained a large army consisting o… Since ages, the Pandyas, Cheras and Sinhala were against the Cholas. Students can Download History Chapter 12 The Cholas and Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra Questions and Answers, Notes, KSEEB Solutions for Class 8 Social Science helps you to revise complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Hope this answers your query, Best Wishes. India: Achievements Of Cholas: In the Southern region of India, one race that was the most civilized was the Cholas. Founder of the Chola Empire. According to Tamil Scholars, Sethiyathope was formed as a settlement when the famous Chola King Rajendra moved his capital from Tanjavoor to Gangaikonda Cholapuram which lies 20 km South. However there is no evidenceto prove their existence. rulers He sent two embassies to China for Promoting trade and commerce.He Apart from the more reliable historical text (as opposed to mythology and literature), the Cholas of this period also lef… Question 3. Contribution (s) Vijayalaya Chola. Some of the other evidences that areavailable is the Ta… The term, sometimes used disparagingly, is derived from early Spanish and Mexican usage and denotes marginalization. • The new capital was Gangaikonda-Cholapuram. Gangaikonda and founded a capital by the name Gangaikondacholapuram on the mouths of the Gangaikondacholapuram. Question By default show hide Solutions. Name the epic wrote by Ilangovadigal Silappathikaram 3. Who was the greatest Chola king of the ancient period? Karikalacholan 4. Uraiyur (now Tiruchchirappalli) was its oldest capital. Answer: The new capital was Gangaikonda-Cholapuram. - History and Civics. The king was aided and advised by a council of ministers who held office at the pleasure of the king. The inscriptions on the pillars of the Ashoka(273BC-232BC) do mention about Chola. Elsewhere, several parts of modern Mysore were conquered and annexed which intensified their rivalry with the Chalukyas. Question Bank Solutions 14655. He also annexed the Maldives. Name the New Capital Built by Rajendra Chola. Name of Chola Rulers (Kings) Period of Rule. Although the Cholas were subdued by the Pallavas around 650 AD, they returned to power less than a century later. Rashtrakuta (IAST: rāṣṭrakūṭa) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent between the sixth and 10th centuries. Chola ruler Vijayalya (AD 846-871) established Chola rule in Tamil land with Tagore as his capital during the middle of ninth century. Vijayalaya Chola. Shimla is the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, located in northern India at an elevation of 7,200 ft. Due to its weather and view it attracts many tourists. Kocengannan became the subject of many instances in later times and is portrayed as a pious Siva devotee who built many fine temples for Siva … Ottakuttar, the poet laureate to three Chola kings of the 12th century, declared:"On seeing Gangapuri (capital of Rajendra Chola) all fourteen worlds encircled by the billowing ocean are overwhelmed with joy.Rajendra Chola was very pious and he converted many of … Kocengannan is one of the 63 nayanars. Contribution (s) Vijayalaya Chola. Name the new capital built by Rajendra Chola. The Chera dynasty (or Cēra) was one of the principal lineages in the early history of the present day states of Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu in southern India. This dynasty originated in the fertile land of the Kaveri River Uraiyur, now Tiruchchirapalli was the ancient capital of the Chola Dynasty. It was the capital of the early Cholas and Muthurajas, who were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country. Rajendra Chola I or Rajendra I was a Tamil Chola emperor of South India Present day of (Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Telangana, Pondicherry, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep) who succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I to the throne in 1014 CE.During his reign, he extended the influence of the Chola empire to the banks of the river Ganga in North India Present day … Vijayalaya Chola (846-907 AD): He was a vassal of the Pallavas.He captured Tanjore from the Pandyas and made it the capital of the Cholas. ). Name of Chola Rulers (Kings) Period of Rule. Chola dynasty, Chola also spelled Cola, South Indian Tamil rulers of unknown antiquity, antedating the early Sangam poems (c. 200 ce). He built a new capital city called Gangaikonda Cholapuram to commemorate his victory after defeating Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar. Concept Notes 275. In the first 8 years of his reign, Rajaraja Chola-I consolidated and augmented his army. Poompuhar (Kaveripattanam) - a port city of cholas : It was the capital city of Cholas. The magnificent temple was constructed by Rajendra Chola I in 1035 AD. Kaṅgaigoṇḍa Sōḻaburam is a village located near to Jayankondam, Ariyalur district, Tamil Nadu, India. The Capital Scholars Honors Program Mission Statement- “The mission of the UIS Capital Scholars Honors Program is to provide a challenging, interdisciplinary, educational experience in which well-qualified, motivated students gain understanding and leadership skills to engage the world.” Military Administration:The Cholas maintained a large army consisting o… Uraiyur is an area of Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu, India. The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri (Cauvery) River valley. Aditya I. Why did the Cholas build a strong naval fleet ? View Answer. Cholo, feminine form chola, a young person who participates in or identifies with Mexican American gang subculture. The first of the very… The first medieval Chola ruler was Vijayalaya Chola who is credited with re-establishing the Chola rule. He often went on tours in order to keep better touch with the administration . Tanjore was the capital of the Cholas. Tanjore, which was established as the Chola capital by Vijayalaya around AD 850, is the most famous of Chola capitals. He built … The fortified capital of Rajendra Chola appears to have been of impressive grandeur. CISCE ICSE Class 9. Q5: Name the Chola king who defeated the Rulers of Ganga valley. Elsewhere, several parts of modern Mysore were conquered and annexed which intensified their rivalry with the Chalukyas. The name Chola is ranked on the 40,303rd position of the most used names. The Cholas drove the Pallavas away from Kanchi in the mid-4th century, in the reign of Vishugopa, the tenth king of the Pallava line. • A day’s journey to Tanjore travelling further south along the coast before turning west into the Tamil heartlands, characterized by lovely and colorful temple towns with deep religious ambiance along the route. Question Papers 10. Rajendra Chola created at his capital a vast artificial lake, sixteen miles long and three miles wide which to this day remains one of the largest man-made lakes in India. After the decline of the Sangam period, the Cholas became feudatories in Uraiyur. Concept: The Cholas - Political History and Administration. The chronology of the Cholas is very difficult toexplain. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples, which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments, are located in and around Thanjavur.The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city. Most of the island was subsequently conquered and incorporated as a province of the vast Chola empire during the reign of his son Rajendra Chola. It became the capital of the Chola dynasty in c. 1025 during the reign of Rajendra Chola I, and served as the Chola capital for around 250 years. View Answer. He had his capital in Thanjaur. The ancient Kings like Sembiyan, Musugundhan, Manuneethicholan and Karikala cholan, who carried myths with them, added to the glory of Poompuhar town. King: was the most important person in the Chola administration. Mangudi Maruthanar 7. Cholas were also known as Chodas and it is believedthat they existed even around 3rdcentury. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Cholaruler Vijayalya (AD 846-871) established Chola rule in Tamil land with Tanjore as his capital during the middle of ninth century. Thanjavur (Tamil: [taɲdʑaːʋuːɾ]), formerly Tanjore, is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. Read More on This Topic 2. He came to the throne in 814 but it was not until 821 that he had suppressed revolts from feudatories and ministers. View Answer Q39: Name the place ... Q44: Name a famous Chola king who raided the Ganga Valley. The Chera dynasty (or Cēra) was one of the principal lineages in the early history of the present day states of Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu in southern India. The Chola dynasty was the most civilized and one of the longest ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. 6. Who wrote ‘Madurai Kanchi‛? The Cholas under the great emperor, Rajendra Chola I sacked the Sri Vijaya Kingdom’s capital, Palempang in Sumatra in modern Indonesia around 1025 CE. Textbook Solutions 19009. Aditya I (871-907 AD): Extended the work of Vijayalaya by occupying the territories from the Pallavas. During Rajendra Chola reign the kingdom was called the "Golden Age of Cholas."